Rosh HaNikra Grottos
A beautiful natural wonder consisting of cavernous caves opening into the Mediterranean Sea, the Rosh HaNikra Grottos are known to amaze visitors traversing Israel's northern coast. The caves here were formed by thousands of years of sea crashing on the soft chalk rock of the area's cliffs. Waves rolling into the rocks spray water high in the air in a magnificent display.
In the past, only experienced divers could visit the caves of Rosh HaNikra, since access was only obtainable from the sea. In recent years, tourists can visit the grottoes via the steepest cable car in the world. The two-minute ride leads to the grottoes and to a sound and light show on the geology and history of the area.
The grottos can be visited year-round, day or night. The most spectacular time to visit the caves is during the winter, when the water sprays up to 35 meters in the air. It's best to wear raincoats and rubber boots when visiting, to avoid getting too wet.
Since ancient times, Rosh HaNikra has served as a passage route between Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Egypt, and Africa. In World War II, the British army blasted tunnels through the rock here, for a railroad line that ran from Cairo to Istanbul. Today, the tunnel to Lebanon has been closed up, and the Israeli railroad runs only up to Nahariya, a bit south of Rosh HaNikra.
A dedicated shuttle train, however, takes tourists from Rosh HaNikra to Ahziv and back. During the 40-minute ride, a guide tells the story of the train line, including how it brought refugees from the Holocaust into British Palestine.
A great way to end your visit to Rosh HaNikra is with a walk on the promenade or on the sandy beach, where you can enjoy the plant and animal life specific to the northern coast.